Gait-SP: Toolbox for accelerometer-based gait recognition with salient points

This is the code for the following paper.

Accelerometer-based Gait Recognition by Sparse Representation of Signature Points with Clusters
Yuting Zhang, Gang Pan, Kui Jia, Minlong Lu, Yueming Wang, Zhaohui Wu
IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics, vol. 45, no. 9, pp. 1864-1875, September 2015. doi: 10.1109/TCYB.2014.2361287
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Gait, as a promising biometric for recognizing human identities, can be non-intrusively captured as series of acceleration signals using wearable or portable smart devices. It can be used for access control. Most existing methods on accelerometer-based gait recognition require explicit step-cycle detection, suffering from cycle detection failures and inter-cycle phase misalignment. We propose a novel algorithm that avoids both the above two problems. It makes use of a type of salient points termed Signature Points (SPs), and has three components: (1) a multi-scale SP extraction method, including the localization and SP descriptors; (2) a sparse representation scheme for encoding newly emerged SPs with known ones in terms of their descriptors, where the phase propinquity of the SPs in a cluster is leveraged to ensure the physical meaningfulness of the codes; and, (3) a classifier for the sparse-code collections associated with the SPs of a series. Experimental results on our publicly available dataset of 175 subjects showed that our algorithm outperformed existing methods, even if the step cycles were perfectly detected for them. When the accelerometers at 5 different body locations were used together, it achieved the rank-1 accuracy of 95.8% for identification, and the equal error rate of 2.2% for verification.
  author={Yuting Zhang and Gang Pan and Kui Jia and Minlong Lu and Yueming Wang and Zhaohui Wu},
  title={Accelerometer-based Gait Recognition by Sparse Representation of Signature Points with Clusters},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics},

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